23:6 Travel to Tarshish!
Wail, you residents of the coast!
23:10 Daughter Tarshish, travel back to your land, as one crosses the Nile;
there is no longer any marketplace in Tyre. 1
66:19 I will perform a mighty act among them 2 and then send some of those who remain to the nations – to Tarshish, Pul, 3 Lud 4 (known for its archers 5 ), Tubal, Javan, 6 and to the distant coastlands 7 that have not heard about me or seen my splendor. They will tell the nations of my splendor.
1 tc This meaning of this verse is unclear. The Hebrew text reads literally, “Cross over your land, like the Nile, daughter of Tarshish, there is no more waistband.” The translation assumes an emendation of מֵזַח (mezakh, “waistband”) to מָחֹז (makhoz, “harbor, marketplace”; see Ps 107:30). The term עָבַר (’avar, “cross over”) is probably used here of traveling over the water (as in v. 6). The command is addressed to personified Tarshish, who here represents her merchants. The Qumran scroll 1QIsaa has עבדי (“work, cultivate”) instead of עִבְרִי (’ivri, “cross over”). In this case one might translate “Cultivate your land, like they do the Nile region” (cf. NIV, CEV). The point would be that the people of Tarshish should turn to agriculture because they will no longer be able to get what they need through the marketplace in Tyre.
2 tn Heb “and I will set a sign among them.” The precise meaning of this statement is unclear. Elsewhere “to set a sign” means “perform a mighty act” (Ps 78:43; Jer 32:20), “make [someone] an object lesson” (Ezek 14:8), and “erect a [literal] standard” (Ps 74:4).
3 tn Some prefer to read “Put” (i.e., Libya).
4 sn That is, Lydia (in Asia Minor).
5 tn Heb “drawers of the bow” (KJV and ASV both similar).
6 sn Javan is generally identified today as Greece (so NIV, NCV, NLT).
7 tn Or “islands” (NIV).