19:18 At that time five cities 1 in the land of Egypt will speak the language of Canaan and swear allegiance to the Lord who commands armies. One will be called the City of the Sun. 2 19:19 At that time there will be an altar for the Lord in the middle of the land of Egypt, as well as a sacred pillar 3 dedicated to the Lord at its border.
1 sn The significance of the number “five” in this context is uncertain. For a discussion of various proposals, see J. N. Oswalt, Isaiah (NICOT), 1:376-77.
2 tc The Hebrew text has עִיר הַהֶרֶס (’ir haheres, “City of Destruction”; cf. NASB, NIV) but this does not fit the positive emphasis of vv. 18-22. The Qumran scroll 1QIsaa and some medieval Hebrew
3 tn This word is sometimes used of a sacred pillar associated with pagan worship, but here it is associated with the worship of the Lord.