ready to meet you when you arrive.
It rouses 2 the spirits of the dead for you,
all the former leaders of the earth; 3
it makes all the former kings of the nations
rise from their thrones. 4
14:10 All of them respond to you, saying:
‘You too have become weak like us!
You have become just like us!
as well as the sound of your stringed instruments. 6
You lie on a bed of maggots,
with a blanket of worms over you. 7
1 sn Sheol is the proper name of the subterranean world which was regarded as the land of the dead.
2 tn Heb “arousing.” The form is probably a Polel infinitive absolute, rather than a third masculine singular perfect, for Sheol is grammatically feminine (note “stirred up”). See GKC 466 §145.t.
3 tn Heb “all the rams of the earth.” The animal epithet is used metaphorically here for leaders. See HALOT 903 s.v. *עַתּוּד.
4 tn Heb “lifting from their thrones all the kings of the nations.” הֵקִים (heqim, a Hiphil perfect third masculine singular) should be emended to an infinitive absolute (הָקֵים, haqem). See the note on “rouses” earlier in the verse.
5 tn Or “pride” (NCV, CEV); KJV, NIV, NRSV “pomp.”
6 tn Or “harps” (NAB, NIV, NRSV).
7 tn Heb “under you maggots are spread out, and worms are your cover.”