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Isaiah 14:9

Context

14:9 Sheol 1  below is stirred up about you,

ready to meet you when you arrive.

It rouses 2  the spirits of the dead for you,

all the former leaders of the earth; 3 

it makes all the former kings of the nations

rise from their thrones. 4 

Isaiah 14:15

Context

14:15 But you were brought down 5  to Sheol,

to the remote slopes of the pit. 6 

1 sn Sheol is the proper name of the subterranean world which was regarded as the land of the dead.

2 tn Heb “arousing.” The form is probably a Polel infinitive absolute, rather than a third masculine singular perfect, for Sheol is grammatically feminine (note “stirred up”). See GKC 466 §145.t.

3 tn Heb “all the rams of the earth.” The animal epithet is used metaphorically here for leaders. See HALOT 903 s.v. *עַתּוּד.

4 tn Heb “lifting from their thrones all the kings of the nations.” הֵקִים (heqim, a Hiphil perfect third masculine singular) should be emended to an infinitive absolute (הָקֵים, haqem). See the note on “rouses” earlier in the verse.

5 tn The prefixed verb form is taken as a preterite. Note the use of perfects in v. 12 to describe the king’s downfall.

6 tn The Hebrew term בּוּר (bor, “cistern”) is sometimes used metaphorically to refer to the place of the dead or the entrance to the underworld.



TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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