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Isaiah 13:21

Context

13:21 Wild animals will rest there,

the ruined 1  houses will be full of hyenas. 2 

Ostriches will live there,

wild goats will skip among the ruins. 3 

Isaiah 34:11

Context

34:11 Owls and wild animals 4  will live there, 5 

all kinds of wild birds 6  will settle in it.

The Lord 7  will stretch out over her

the measuring line of ruin

and the plumb line 8  of destruction. 9 

1 tn The word “ruined” is supplied in the translation for clarification.

2 tn The precise referent of this word in uncertain. See HALOT 29 s.v. *אֹחַ. Various English versions translate as “owls” (e.g., NAB, NASB), “wild dogs” (NCV); “jackals” (NIV); “howling creatures” (NRSV, NLT).

3 tn Heb “will skip there.”

4 tn קָאַת (qaat) refers to some type of bird (cf. Lev 11:18; Deut 14:17) that was typically found near ruins (see Zeph 2:14). קִפּוֹד (qippod) may also refer to a type of bird (NAB “hoot owl”; NIV “screech owl”; TEV “ravens”), but some have suggested a rodent may be in view (cf. NCV “small animals”; ASV “porcupine”; NASB, NRSV “hedgehog”).

5 tn Heb “will possess it” (so NIV).

6 tn The Hebrew text has יַנְשׁוֹף וְעֹרֵב (yanshof vÿorev). Both the יַנְשׁוֹף (“owl”; see Lev 11:17; Deut 14:16) and עֹרֵב (“raven”; Lev 11:15; Deut 14:14) were types of wild birds.

7 tn Heb “he”; the referent (the Lord) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

8 tn Heb “stones,” i.e., the stones used in a plumb bob.

9 sn The metaphor in v. 11b emphasizes that God has carefully planned Edom’s demise.



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