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Isaiah 10:22-23

Context
10:22 For though your people, Israel, are as numerous as 1  the sand on the seashore, only a remnant will come back. 2  Destruction has been decreed; 3  just punishment 4  is about to engulf you. 5  10:23 The sovereign master, the Lord who commands armies, is certainly ready to carry out the decreed destruction throughout the land. 6 

1 tn Heb “are like.”

2 sn The twofold appearance of the statement “a remnant will come back” (שְׁאָר יָשׁוּב, shear yashuv) in vv. 21-22 echoes and probably plays off the name of Isaiah’s son Shear-jashub (see 7:3). In its original context the name was meant to encourage Ahaz (see the note at 7:3), but here it has taken on new dimensions. In light of Ahaz’s failure and the judgment it brings down on the land, the name Shear-jashub now foreshadows the destiny of the nation. According to vv. 21-22, there is good news and bad news. The good news is that a remnant of God’s people will return; the bad news is that only a remnant will be preserved and come back. Like the name Immanuel, this name foreshadows both judgment (see the notes at 7:25 and 8:8) and ultimate restoration (see the note at 8:10).

3 tn Or “predetermined”; cf. ASV, NASB “is determined”; TEV “is in store.”

4 tn צְדָקָה (tsÿdaqah) often means “righteousness,” but here it refers to God’s just judgment.

5 tn Or “is about to overflow.”

6 tn Heb “Indeed (or perhaps “for”) destruction and what is decreed the sovereign master, the Lord who commands armies, is about to accomplish in the middle of all the land.” The phrase כָלָא וְנֶחֱרָצָה (khalavenekheratsah, “destruction and what is decreed”) is a hendiadys; the two terms express one idea, with the second qualifying the first.



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