10:20 At that time 1 those left in Israel, those who remain of the family 2 of Jacob, will no longer rely on a foreign leader that abuses them. 3 Instead they will truly 4 rely on the Lord, the Holy One of Israel. 5 10:21 A remnant will come back, a remnant of Jacob, to the mighty God. 6
2 tn Heb “house” (so KJV, NASB, NIV, NRSV).
3 tn Heb “on one who strikes him down.” This individual is the king (“foreign leader”) of the oppressing nation (which NLT specifies as “the Assyrians”).
4 tn Or “sincerely”; KJV, ASV, NAB, NRSV “in truth.”
6 tn The referent of אֵל גִּבּוֹר (’el gibbor, “mighty God”) is uncertain. The title appears only here and in 9:6, where it is one of the royal titles of the coming ideal Davidic king. (Similar titles appear in Deut 10:17 and Neh 9:32 [“the great, mighty, and awesome God”] and in Jer 32:18 [“the great and mighty God”]. Both titles refer to God.) Though Hos 3:5 pictures Israel someday seeking “David their king,” and provides some support for a messianic interpretation of Isa 10:21, the Davidic king is not mentioned in the immediate context of Isa 10:21 (see Isa 11, however). The preceding verse mentions Israel relying on the Lord, so it is likely that the title refers to God here.