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Isaiah 10:12-14

Context

10:12 But when 1  the sovereign master 2  finishes judging 3  Mount Zion and Jerusalem, then I 4  will punish the king of Assyria for what he has proudly planned and for the arrogant attitude he displays. 5  10:13 For he says:

“By my strong hand I have accomplished this,

by my strategy that I devised.

I invaded the territory of nations, 6 

and looted their storehouses.

Like a mighty conqueror, 7  I brought down rulers. 8 

10:14 My hand discovered the wealth of the nations, as if it were in a nest,

as one gathers up abandoned eggs,

I gathered up the whole earth.

There was no wing flapping,

or open mouth chirping.” 9 

1 tn The verb that introduces this verse serves as a discourse particle and is untranslated; see note on “in the future” in 2:2.

2 tn The Hebrew term translated “sovereign master” here and in vv. 16, 23, 24, 33 is אֲדֹנָי (’adonay).

3 tn Heb “his work on/against.” Cf. NAB, NASB, NRSV “on”; NIV “against.”

4 tn The Lord is speaking here, as in vv. 5-6a.

5 tn Heb “I will visit [judgment] on the fruit of the greatness of the heart of the king of Assyria, and on the glory of the height of his eyes.” The proud Assyrian king is likened to a large, beautiful fruit tree.

6 tn Heb “removed the borders of nations”; cf. NAB, NIV, NRSV “boundaries.”

7 tc The consonantal text (Kethib) has כְּאַבִּיר (kÿabir, “like a strong one”); the marginal reading (Qere) is כַּבִיר (kavir, “mighty one”).

8 tn Heb “and I brought down, like a strong one, ones sitting [or “living”].” The participle יוֹשְׁבִים (yoshÿvim, “ones sitting”) could refer to the inhabitants of the nations, but the translation assumes that it refers to those who sit on thrones, i.e., rulers. See BDB 442 s.v. יָשַׁב and HALOT 444 s.v. ישׁב.

9 sn The Assyrians’ conquests were relatively unopposed, like robbing a bird’s nest of its eggs when the mother bird is absent.



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