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Isaiah 10:10-12

Context

10:10 I overpowered kingdoms ruled by idols, 1 

whose carved images were more impressive than Jerusalem’s 2  or Samaria’s.

10:11 As I have done to Samaria and its idols,

so I will do to Jerusalem and its idols.” 3 

10:12 But when 4  the sovereign master 5  finishes judging 6  Mount Zion and Jerusalem, then I 7  will punish the king of Assyria for what he has proudly planned and for the arrogant attitude he displays. 8 

1 tn Heb “Just as my hand found the kingdoms of the idol[s].” The comparison is expanded in v. 11a (note “as”) and completed in v. 11b (note “so”).

2 map For the location of Jerusalem see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

3 tn The statement is constructed as a rhetorical question in the Hebrew text: “Is it not [true that] just as I have done to Samaria and its idols, so I will do to Jerusalem and its idols?”

sn This statement indicates that the prophecy dates sometime between 722-701 b.c.

4 tn The verb that introduces this verse serves as a discourse particle and is untranslated; see note on “in the future” in 2:2.

5 tn The Hebrew term translated “sovereign master” here and in vv. 16, 23, 24, 33 is אֲדֹנָי (’adonay).

6 tn Heb “his work on/against.” Cf. NAB, NASB, NRSV “on”; NIV “against.”

7 tn The Lord is speaking here, as in vv. 5-6a.

8 tn Heb “I will visit [judgment] on the fruit of the greatness of the heart of the king of Assyria, and on the glory of the height of his eyes.” The proud Assyrian king is likened to a large, beautiful fruit tree.



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