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Hosea 2:9-13

Context

2:9 Therefore, I will take back 1  my grain during the harvest time 2 

and my new wine when it ripens; 3 

I will take away my wool and my flax

which I had provided 4  in order to clothe her. 5 

2:10 Soon 6  I will expose her lewd nakedness 7  in front of her lovers,

and no one will be able to rescue her from me! 8 

2:11 I will put an end to all her celebration:

her annual religious festivals,

monthly new moon celebrations,

and weekly Sabbath festivities –

all her appointed festivals.

2:12 I will destroy her vines and fig trees,

about which she said, “These are my wages for prostitution 9 

that my lovers gave to me!”

I will turn her cultivated vines and fig trees 10  into an uncultivated thicket,

so that wild animals 11  will devour them.

2:13 “I will punish her for the festival days

when she burned incense to the Baal idols; 12 

she adorned herself with earrings and jewelry,

and went after her lovers,

but 13  she forgot me!” 14  says the Lord.

1 tn Heb “I will return and I will take.” The two verbs joined with vav conjunction form a verbal hendiadys in which the first verb functions adverbially and the second retains its full verbal sense (GKC 386-87 §120.d, h): אָשׁוּב וְלָקַחְתִּי (’ashuv vÿlaqakhti) means “I will take back.”

2 tn Heb “in its time” (so NAB, NRSV).

3 tn Heb “in its season” (so NAB, NASB, NRSV).

4 tn The words “which I had provided” are not in the Hebrew text, but are supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons; cf. NIV “intended to cover.”

5 tn Heb “to cover her nakedness” (so KJV and many other English versions); TEV “for clothing.”

sn This announcement of judgment is extremely ironic and forcefully communicates poetic justice: The punishment will fit the crime. The Israelites were literally uncovering their nakedness in temple prostitution in the Baal fertility cult rituals. Yahweh will, in effect, give them what they wanted (nakedness) but not in the way they wanted it: Yahweh will withhold the agricultural fertility they sought from Baal which would lead to nakedness caused by impoverishment.

6 tn The particle עַתָּה (’attah) often refers to the imminent or the impending future: “very soon” (BDB 774 s.v. עַתָּה 1.b). In Hosea it normally introduces imminent judgment (Hos 2:12; 4:16; 5:7; 8:8, 13; 10:2).

7 tn Heb “her lewdness” (so KJV, NIV); NAB, NRSV “her shame.”

8 tn Heb “out of my hand” (so NAB, NASB, NRSV); TEV “save her from my power.”

9 tn Heb “my wages.” The words “for prostitution” are not in the Hebrew text but are supplied for clarity; cf. CEV “gave…as payment for sex.”

10 tn Heb “I will turn them”; the referents (vines and fig trees) have been specified in the translation for clarity.

11 tn Heb “the beasts of the field” (so KJV, NASB); the same expression also occurs in v. 18).

12 tn Heb “the days of the Baals, to whom she burned incense.” The word “festival” is supplied to clarify the referent of “days,” and the word “idols” is supplied in light of the plural “Baals” (cf. NLT “her images of Baal”).

13 tn The vav prefixed to a nonverb (וְאֹתִי, oti) introduces a disjunctive contrastive clause, which is rhetorically powerful.

14 tn The accusative direct object pronoun וְאֹתִי (oti, “me”) is emphatic in the word order of this clause (cf. NIV “but me she forgot”), emphasizing the heinous inappropriateness of Israel’s departure from the Lord.



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