the birds of the air, and the creatures that crawl on the ground.
I will abolish 2 the warrior’s bow and sword
– that is, every weapon of warfare 3 – from the land,
and I will allow them to live securely.” 4
“I will respond to the sky,
and the sky 7 will respond to the ground;
1 tn Heb “And in that day” (so KJV, ASV).
2 tn Heb “I will break”; NAB “I will destroy”; NCV “I will smash”; NLT “I will remove.”
3 tn Heb “bow and sword and warfare.” The first two terms in the triad וְקֶשֶׁת וְחֶרֶב וּמִלְחָמָה (vÿqeshet vÿkherev umilkhamah, literally, “bow and sword and warfare”) are examples of synecdoche of specific (bow and sword) for general (weapons of war, so CEV). However, they might be examples of metonymy (bow and sword) of association (warfare).
4 tn Heb “and I will cause them to lie down in safety.” The causative nuance (“will make them”) is retained in several English versions (e.g., KJV, ASV, NASB, NRSV).
5 tn Heb “And in that day”; NAB, NRSV “On that day.”
7 tn Heb “and they.” In the Hebrew text the plural pronoun is used because it refers back to the term translated “sky,” which is a dual form in Hebrew. Many English versions (e.g., NAB, NASB, NRSV) use the plural term “heavens” here, which agrees with a plural pronoun (cf. also NIV, NCV “skies”).