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Hosea 1:11

Context
1:11 Then the people 1  of Judah and the people of Israel will be gathered together. They will appoint for themselves one leader, 2  and will flourish in the land. 3  Certainly, 4  the day of Jezreel will be great!

Hosea 3:5

Context
3:5 Afterward, the Israelites will turn and seek the Lord their God and their Davidic king. 5  Then they will submit to the Lord in fear and receive his blessings 6  in the future. 7 

1 tn Heb “sons” (twice in this verse, so NASB); KJV, ASV “children”; NIV, NRSV, TEV “people.”

2 tn Heb “head” (so KJV, NAB, NRSV).

3 tn Alternatively, “gain possession of the land” (cf. NRSV) or “rise up from the land” (cf. NIV). This clause may be understood in two ways: (1) Israel will gain ascendancy over the land or conquer the land (e.g., Exod 1:10; cf. NAB “come up from other lands”) or (2) Israel will be “planted” in the land (Hos 2:24-25; cf. NLT “will…plant his people”).

4 tn Or “For” (so NASB); NCV “because”; TEV “Yes.”

5 tn Heb “David their king”; cf. NCV “the king from David’s family”; TEV “a descendant of David their king”; NLT “David’s descendant, their king.”

sn It is not clear whether Hosea was predicting a restoration of Davidic kingship over Israel and Judah (e.g., Jer 17:25; 22:2) or referring to the ultimate Davidic king, namely, the Messiah, who will fulfill the conditions of the Davidic covenant and inaugurate/fulfill the blessings of the Davidic covenant for Israel. The Messiah is frequently pictured as the “New David” because he would fulfill the ideals of the Davidic covenant and be everything that David and his descendants were commissioned to be (e.g., Isa 9:7[6]; 16:5; Jer 23:5-6; 30:9; 33:15-16; Ezek 34:23-24; 37:24-25).

6 tn Heb “his goodness”; NLT “his good gifts.”

7 tn Heb “in the end of the days.” Cf. NAB, NASB, NIV, NCV, NLT “in the last days.”



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