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Hosea 13:6-8

Context

13:6 When they were fed, 1  they became satisfied;

when they were satisfied, they became proud; 2 

as a result, they forgot me!

13:7 So 3  I will pounce on them like a lion; 4 

like a leopard I will lurk by the path.

13:8 I will attack them like a bear robbed of her cubs –

I will rip open their chests.

I will devour them there like a lion –

like a wild animal would tear them apart.

1 tc The MT reads כְּמַרְעִיתָם (kÿmaritam, “according to their pasturage”; preposition כְּ (kaf) + noun מַרְעִית, marit, “pasture” + 3rd person masculine plural suffix). Text-critics propose: (1) כְּמוֹ רְעִיתִים (kÿmo rÿitim, “as I pastured them”; preposition כְּמוֹ (kÿmo) + Qal perfect 1st person common singular from רָעַה, raah, “to pasture, feed” + 3rd person masculine plural suffix) and (2) כִּרְעוֹתָם (“when they had pastured”; preposition כְּ + Qal perfect 3rd person masculine plural from רָעַה). Some English versions follow the MT: “according to their pasture” (KJV), “as they had their pasture” (NASB), “when you entered the good land” (TEV). Others adopt the first emendation: “when I fed them” (NIV, NRSV), “I fed you [sic = them]” (CEV). Still others follow the second emendation: “but when they had fed to the full” (RSV), “when they grazed” (NJPS).

2 tn Heb “their heart became exalted”; KJV, ASV “was exalted.”

3 tn The vav consecutive + preterite form וָאֱהִי (vaehi) introduces a consequential or result clause; cf. NAB “Therefore”; NCV “That is why.”

4 tn Heb “So I will be like a lion to them” (so NASB); NIV “I will come upon them like a lion.”



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