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Hebrews 5:7

Context
5:7 During his earthly life 1  Christ 2  offered 3  both requests and supplications, with loud cries and tears, to the one who was able to save him from death and he was heard because of his devotion.

Hebrews 9:10

Context
9:10 They served only for matters of food and drink 4  and various washings; they are external regulations 5  imposed until the new order came. 6 

Hebrews 9:13

Context
9:13 For if the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a young cow sprinkled on those who are defiled consecrated them and provided ritual purity, 7 

1 tn Grk “in the days of his flesh.”

2 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Christ) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

3 tn Grk “who…having offered,” continuing the description of Christ from Heb 5:5-6.

4 tn Grk “only for foods and drinks.”

5 tc Most witnesses (D1 Ï) have “various washings, and external regulations” (βαπτισμοῖς καὶ δικαιώμασιν, baptismoi" kai dikaiwmasin), with both nouns in the dative. The translation “washings; they are… regulations” renders βαπτισμοῖς, δικαιώματα (baptismoi", dikaiwmata; found in such important mss as Ì46 א* A I P 0278 33 1739 1881 al sa) in which case δικαιώματα is taken as the nominative subject of the participle ἐπικείμενα (epikeimena). It seems far more likely that scribes would conform δικαιώματα to the immediately preceding datives and join it to them by καί than they would to the following nominative participle. Both on external and internal evidence the text is thus secure as reading βαπτισμοῖς, δικαιώματα.

6 tn Grk “until the time of setting things right.”

7 tn Grk “for the purifying of the flesh.” The “flesh” here is symbolic of outward or ritual purity in contrast to inner purity, that of the conscience (cf. Heb 9:9).



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