2:10 For it was fitting for him, for whom and through whom all things exist, 1 in bringing many sons to glory, to make the pioneer 2 of their salvation perfect through sufferings.
5:8 Although he was a son, he learned obedience through the things he suffered. 3 5:9 And by being perfected in this way, he became the source of eternal salvation to all who obey him,
7:28 For the law appoints as high priests men subject to weakness, 4 but the word of solemn affirmation that came after the law appoints a son made perfect forever.
1 tn Grk “for whom are all things and through whom are all things.”
2 sn The Greek word translated pioneer is used of a “prince” or leader, the representative head of a family. It also carries nuances of “trailblazer,” one who breaks through to new ground for those who follow him. It is used some thirty-five times in the Greek OT and four times in the NT, always of Christ (Acts 3:15; 5:31; Heb 2:10; 12:2).
3 sn There is a wordplay in the Greek text between the verbs “learned” (ἔμαθεν, emaqen) and “suffered” (ἔπαθεν, epaqen).