NETBible KJV GRK-HEB XRef Arts Hymns
  Discovery Box

Habakkuk 3:5-6


3:5 Plague goes before him;

pestilence 1  marches right behind him. 2 

3:6 He takes his battle position 3  and shakes 4  the earth;

with a mere look he frightens 5  the nations.

The ancient mountains disintegrate; 6 

the primeval hills are flattened.

He travels on the ancient roads. 7 

Habakkuk 3:10-11


3:10 When the mountains see you, they shake.

The torrential downpour sweeps through. 8 

The great deep 9  shouts out;

it lifts its hands high. 10 

3:11 The sun and moon stand still in their courses; 11 

the flash of your arrows drives them away, 12 

the bright light of your lightning-quick spear. 13 

1 tn Because of parallelism with the previous line, the meaning “pestilence” is favored for רֶשֶׁף (reshef) here, but usage elsewhere suggests a destructive bolt of fire may be in view. See BDB 958 s.v.

sn There are mythological echoes here, for in Canaanite literature the god Resheph aids Baal in his battles. See J. Day, “New Light on the Mythological Background of the Allusion to Resheph in Habakkuk III 5,” VT 29 (1979): 353-55.

2 tn Heb “goes out at his feet.”

3 tn Heb “he stands.”

4 tn This verb has been traditionally understood as “measure” (from מוּד, mud), but the immediately following context (vv. 6b-7) favors the meaning “shake” from מָוד (mavd; see HALOT 555 s.v.).

5 tn Heb “makes [the nations] jump [in fear].”

6 tn Or “crumbled,” broke into pieces.”

7 tn Heb “ancient ways [or, “doings”] are his.” The meaning of this line is unclear. Traditionally it has been translated, “his ways are eternal.” However, in this context (see vv. 3, 7) it is more likely that the line speaks of the Lord taking the same route as in the days of Moses and Deborah (see Deut 33:2; Judg 5:4). See J. J. M. Roberts, Nahum, Habakkuk, and Zephaniah (OTL), 154.

8 tn Heb “a heavy rain of waters passes by.” Perhaps the flash floods produced by the downpour are in view here.

9 sn The great deep, which is to be equated with the sea (vv. 8, 15), is a symbol of chaos and represents the Lord’s enemies.

10 sn Lifting the hands here suggests panic and is accompanied by a cry for mercy (see Ps 28:2; Lam 2:19). The forces of chaos cannot withstand the Lord’s power revealed in the storm.

11 tn Heb “in their lofty dwelling places.”

12 tn Or “at the light of your arrows they vanish.”

13 tn Heb “at the brightness of the lightning of your spear.”

TIP #26: To open links on Discovery Box in a new window, use the right click. [ALL]
created in 0.03 seconds
powered by