8:16 “Come out of the ark, you, your wife, your sons, and your sons’ wives with you. 8:17 Bring out with you all the living creatures that are with you. Bring out 1 every living thing, including the birds, animals, and every creeping thing that creeps on the earth. Let them increase 2 and be fruitful and multiply on the earth!” 3
8:18 Noah went out along with his sons, his wife, and his sons’ wives.
1 tn The words “bring out” are not in the Hebrew text, but are supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons.
2 tn Following the Hiphil imperative, “bring out,” the three perfect verb forms with vav (ו) consecutive carry an imperatival nuance. For a discussion of the Hebrew construction here and the difficulty of translating it into English, see S. R. Driver, A Treatise on the Use of the Tenses in Hebrew, 124-25.
3 tn Heb “and let them swarm in the earth and be fruitful and multiply on the earth.”