NETBible KJV GRK-HEB XRef Arts Hymns
  Discovery Box

Genesis 4:24-25

Context

4:24 If Cain is to be avenged seven times as much,

then Lamech seventy-seven times!” 1 

4:25 And Adam had marital relations 2  with his wife again, and she gave birth to a son. She named him Seth, saying, “God has given 3  me another child 4  in place of Abel because Cain killed him.”

1 sn Seventy-seven times. Lamech seems to reason this way: If Cain, a murderer, is to be avenged seven times (see v. 15), then how much more one who has been unjustly wronged! Lamech misses the point of God’s merciful treatment of Cain. God was not establishing a principle of justice when he warned he would avenge Cain’s murder. In fact he was trying to limit the shedding of blood, something Lamech wants to multiply instead. The use of “seventy-seven,” a multiple of seven, is hyperbolic, emphasizing the extreme severity of the vengeance envisioned by Lamech.

2 tn Heb “knew,” a frequent euphemism for sexual relations.

3 sn The name Seth probably means something like “placed”; “appointed”; “set”; “granted,” assuming it is actually related to the verb that is used in the sentiment. At any rate, the name שֵׁת (shet) and the verb שָׁת (shat, “to place, to appoint, to set, to grant”) form a wordplay (paronomasia).

4 tn Heb “offspring.”



TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
created in 0.04 seconds
powered by bible.org