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Genesis 4:13

Context
4:13 Then Cain said to the Lord, “My punishment 1  is too great to endure! 2 

Genesis 19:15

Context

19:15 At dawn 3  the angels hurried Lot along, saying, “Get going! Take your wife and your two daughters who are here, 4  or else you will be destroyed when the city is judged!” 5 

1 tn The primary meaning of the Hebrew word עָוֹן (’avon) is “sin, iniquity.” But by metonymy it can refer to the “guilt” of sin, or to “punishment” for sin. The third meaning applies here. Just before this the Lord announces the punishment for Cain’s actions, and right after this statement Cain complains of the severity of the punishment. Cain is not portrayed as repenting of his sin.

2 tn Heb “great is my punishment from bearing.” The preposition מִן (min, “from”) is used here in a comparative sense.

3 tn Heb “When dawn came up.”

4 tn Heb “who are found.” The wording might imply he had other daughters living in the city, but the text does not explicitly state this.

5 tn Or “with the iniquity [i.e., punishment] of the city” (cf. NASB, NRSV).



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