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Genesis 41:32-35

Context
41:32 The dream was repeated to Pharaoh 1  because the matter has been decreed 2  by God, and God will make it happen soon. 3 

41:33 “So now Pharaoh should look 4  for a wise and discerning man 5  and give him authority 6  over all the land of Egypt. 41:34 Pharaoh should do 7  this – he should appoint 8  officials 9  throughout the land to collect one-fifth of the produce of the land of Egypt 10  during the seven years of abundance. 41:35 They should gather all the excess food 11  during these good years that are coming. By Pharaoh’s authority 12  they should store up grain so the cities will have food, 13  and they should preserve it. 14 

1 tn Heb “and concerning the repeating of the dream to Pharaoh two times.” The Niphal infinitive here is the object of the preposition; it is followed by the subjective genitive “of the dream.”

2 tn Heb “established.”

3 tn The clause combines a participle and an infinitive construct: God “is hurrying…to do it,” meaning he is going to do it soon.

4 tn Heb “let Pharaoh look.” The jussive form expresses Joseph’s advice to Pharaoh.

5 tn Heb “a man discerning and wise.” The order of the terms is rearranged in the translation for stylistic reasons.

6 tn Heb “and let him set him.”

7 tn The imperfect verbal form has an obligatory nuance here. The Samaritan Pentateuch has a jussive form here, “and let [Pharaoh] do.”

8 tn Heb “and let him appoint.” The jussive form expresses Joseph’s advice to Pharaoh.

9 tn Heb “appointees.” The noun is a cognate accusative of the preceding verb. Since “appoint appointees” would be redundant in English, the term “officials” was used in the translation instead.

10 tn Heb “and he shall collect a fifth of the land of Egypt.” The language is figurative (metonymy); it means what the land produces, i.e., the harvest.

11 tn Heb “all the food.”

12 tn Heb “under the hand of Pharaoh.”

13 tn Heb “[for] food in the cities.” The noun translated “food” is an adverbial accusative in the sentence.

14 tn The perfect with vav (ו) consecutive carries the same force as the sequence of jussives before it.



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