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Genesis 28:18

Context

28:18 Early 1  in the morning Jacob 2  took the stone he had placed near his head 3  and set it up as a sacred stone. 4  Then he poured oil on top of it.

Genesis 28:22

Context
28:22 Then this stone 5  that I have set up as a sacred stone will be the house of God, and I will surely 6  give you back a tenth of everything you give me.” 7 

Genesis 31:13

Context
31:13 I am the God of Bethel, 8  where you anointed 9  the sacred stone and made a vow to me. 10  Now leave this land immediately 11  and return to your native land.’”

Genesis 35:14

Context
35:14 So Jacob set up a sacred stone pillar in the place where God spoke with him. 12  He poured out a drink offering on it, and then he poured oil on it. 13 

1 tn Heb “and he got up early…and he took.”

2 tn Heb “he”; the referent (Jacob) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

3 tn See the note on this phrase in v. 11.

4 tn Heb “standing stone.”

sn Sacred stone. Such a stone could be used as a boundary marker, a burial stone, or as a shrine. Here the stone is intended to be a reminder of the stairway that was “erected” and on which the Lord “stood.” (In Hebrew the word translated “sacred stone” is derived from the verb translated “erected” in v. 12 and “stood” in v. 13. Since the top of the stairway reached the heavens where the Lord stood, Jacob poured oil on the top of the stone. See C. F. Graesser, “Standing Stones in Ancient Palestine,” BA 35 (1972): 34-63; and E. Stockton, “Sacred Pillars in the Bible,” ABR 20 (1972): 16-32.

5 tn The disjunctive clause structure (conjunction + noun/subject) is used to highlight the statement.

6 tn The infinitive absolute is used before the finite verb for emphasis.

7 tn Heb “and all which you give to me I will surely give a tenth of it to you.” The disjunctive clause structure (conjunction + noun/object) highlights this statement as well.

8 map For location see Map4 G4; Map5 C1; Map6 E3; Map7 D1; Map8 G3.

9 sn You anointed the sacred stone. In Gen 28:18 the text simply reported that Jacob poured oil on top of the stone. Now that pouring is interpreted by the Lord as an anointing. Jacob had consecrated the place.

10 sn And made a vow to me. The second clause reminds Jacob of the vow he made to the Lord when he anointed the stone (Gen 28:20-22). God is now going to take him back to the land, and so he will have to fulfill his vow.

11 tn Heb “arise, leave!” The first imperative draws attention to the need for immediate action.

sn Leave this land immediately. The decision to leave was a wise one in view of the changed attitude in Laban and his sons. But more than that, it was the will of God. Jacob needed to respond to God’s call – the circumstances simply made it easier.

12 tn Heb “and Jacob set up a sacred pillar in the place where he spoke with him, a sacred pillar of stone” (see the notes on the term “sacred stone” in Gen 28:18). This passage stands parallel to Gen 28:18-19, where Jacob set up a sacred stone, poured oil on it, and called the place Bethel. Some commentators see these as two traditions referring to the same event, but it is more likely that Jacob reconsecrated the place in fulfillment of the vow he had made here earlier. In support of this is the fact that the present narrative alludes to and is built on the previous one.

13 tn The verb נָסַךְ (nasakh) means “to pour out, to make libations,” and the noun נֶסֶךְ (nesekh) is a “drink-offering,” usually of wine or of blood. The verb יָצַק (yatsaq) means “to pour out,” often of anointing oil, but of other elements as well.



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