1 tn Heb “and he got up early…and he took.”
2 tn Heb “he”; the referent (Jacob) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
4 tn Heb “standing stone.”
sn Sacred stone. Such a stone could be used as a boundary marker, a burial stone, or as a shrine. Here the stone is intended to be a reminder of the stairway that was “erected” and on which the