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Genesis 23:10

Context

23:10 (Now Ephron was sitting among the sons of Heth.) Ephron the Hethite 1  replied to Abraham in the hearing 2  of the sons of Heth – before all who entered the gate 3  of his city –

Genesis 23:18

Context
23:18 as his property in the presence of the sons of Heth before all who entered the gate of Ephron’s city. 4 

1 tn Or perhaps “Hittite,” but see the note on the name “Heth” in v. 3.

2 tn Heb “ears.” By metonymy the “ears” stand for the presence or proximity (i.e., within earshot) of the persons named.

3 sn On the expression all who entered the gate see E. A. Speiser, “‘Coming’ and ‘Going’ at the City Gate,” BASOR 144 (1956): 20-23; and G. Evans, “‘Coming’ and ‘Going’ at the City Gate: A Discussion of Professor Speiser’s Paper,” BASOR 150 (1958): 28-33.

4 tn Heb “his city”; the referent (Ephron) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

sn See G. M. Tucker, “The Legal Background of Genesis 23,” JBL 85 (1966):77-84; and M. R. Lehmann, “Abraham’s Purchase of Machpelah and Hittite Law,” BASOR 129 (1953): 15-18.



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