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Genesis 22:16-17

Context
22:16 and said, “‘I solemnly swear by my own name,’ 1  decrees the Lord, 2  ‘that because you have done this and have not withheld your son, your only son, 22:17 I will indeed bless you, 3  and I will greatly multiply 4  your descendants 5  so that they will be as countless as the stars in the sky or the grains of sand on the seashore. Your descendants will take possession 6  of the strongholds 7  of their enemies.

1 tn Heb “By myself I swear.”

2 tn Heb “the oracle of the Lord.” The phrase refers to a formal oracle or decree from the Lord.

3 tn The use of the infinitive absolute before the finite verbal form (either an imperfect or cohortative) emphasizes the certainty of the blessing.

4 tn Here too the infinitive absolute is used for emphasis before the following finite verb (either an imperfect or cohortative).

sn I will greatly multiply. The Lord here ratifies his earlier promise to give Abram a multitude of descendants. For further discussion see R. B. Chisholm, “Evidence from Genesis,” A Case for Premillennialism, 35-54.

5 tn The Hebrew term זֶרַע (zera’) occurring here and in v. 18 may mean “seed” (for planting), “offspring” (occasionally of animals, but usually of people), or “descendants” depending on the context.

6 tn Or “inherit.”

7 tn Heb “gate,” which here stands for a walled city. To break through the gate complex would be to conquer the city, for the gate complex was the main area of defense (hence the translation “stronghold”).



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