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Genesis 19:19

Context
19:19 Your 1  servant has found favor with you, 2  and you have shown me great 3  kindness 4  by sparing 5  my life. But I am not able to escape to the mountains because 6  this disaster will overtake 7  me and I’ll die. 8 

Genesis 19:21

Context

19:21 “Very well,” he replied, 9  “I will grant this request too 10  and will not overthrow 11  the town you mentioned.

1 tn The second person pronominal suffixes are singular in this verse (note “your eyes,” “you have made great,” and “you have acted”). Verse 18a seems to indicate that Lot is addressing the angels, but the use of the singular and the appearance of the divine title “Lord” (אֲדֹנָי, ’adonay) in v. 18b suggests he is speaking to God.

2 tn Heb “in your eyes.”

3 tn Heb “you made great your kindness.”

4 sn The Hebrew word חֶסֶד (khesed) can refer to “faithful love” or to “kindness,” depending on the context. The precise nuance here is uncertain.

5 tn The infinitive construct explains how God has shown Lot kindness.

6 tn Heb “lest.”

7 tn The Hebrew verb דָּבַק (davaq) normally means “to stick to, to cleave, to join.” Lot is afraid he cannot outrun the coming calamity.

8 tn The perfect verb form with vav consecutive carries the nuance of the imperfect verbal form before it.

9 tn Heb “And he said, ‘Look, I will grant.’” The order of the clauses has been rearranged for stylistic reasons. The referent of the speaker (“he”) is somewhat ambiguous: It could be taken as the angel to whom Lot has been speaking (so NLT; note the singular references in vv. 18-19), or it could be that Lot is speaking directly to the Lord here. Most English translations leave the referent of the pronoun unspecified and maintain the ambiguity.

10 tn Heb “I have lifted up your face [i.e., shown you favor] also concerning this matter.”

11 tn The negated infinitive construct indicates either the consequence of God’s granting the request (“I have granted this request, so that I will not”) or the manner in which he will grant it (“I have granted your request by not destroying”).



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