17:6 I will make you 1 extremely 2 fruitful. I will make nations of you, and kings will descend from you. 3
17:16 I will bless her and will give you a son through her. I will bless her and she will become a mother of nations. 4 Kings of countries 5 will come from her!”
17:20 As for Ishmael, I have heard you. 6 I will indeed bless him, make him fruitful, and give him a multitude of descendants. 7 He will become the father of twelve princes; 8 I will make him into a great nation.
1 tn This verb starts a series of perfect verbal forms with vav (ו) consecutive to express God’s intentions.
2 tn Heb “exceedingly, exceedingly.” The repetition is emphatic.
3 tn Heb “and I will make you into nations, and kings will come out from you.”
4 tn Heb “she will become nations.”
5 tn Heb “peoples.”
7 tn Heb “And I will multiply him exceedingly, exceedingly.” The repetition is emphatic.
8 tn For a discussion of the Hebrew word translated “princes,” see E. A. Speiser, “Background and Function of the Biblical Nasi’,” CBQ 25 (1963): 111-17.