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Genesis 15:4-5

Context

15:4 But look, 1  the word of the Lord came to him: “This man 2  will not be your heir, 3  but instead 4  a son 5  who comes from your own body will be 6  your heir.” 7  15:5 The Lord 8  took him outside and said, “Gaze into the sky and count the stars – if you are able to count them!” Then he said to him, “So will your descendants be.”

1 tn The disjunctive draws attention to God’s response and the particle הִנֵּה (hinneh, translated “look”) mirrors Abram’s statement in v. 3 and highlights the fact that God responded to Abram.

2 tn The subject of the verb is the demonstrative pronoun, which can be translated “this one” or “this man.” That the Lord does not mention him by name is significant; often in ancient times the use of the name would bring legitimacy to inheritance and adoption cases.

3 tn Heb “inherit you.”

4 tn The Hebrew כִּי־אִם (ki-im) forms a very strong adversative.

5 tn Heb “he who”; the implied referent (Abram’s unborn son who will be his heir) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

6 tn The pronoun could also be an emphatic subject: “whoever comes out of your body, he will inherit you.”

7 tn Heb “will inherit you.”

8 tn Heb “he”; the referent (the Lord) has been specified in the translation for clarity.



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