15:14 But I will execute judgment on the nation that they will serve. 1 Afterward they will come out with many possessions.
15:18 That day the Lord made a covenant 2 with Abram: “To your descendants I give 3 this land, from the river of Egypt 4 to the great river, the Euphrates River – 15:19 the land 5 of the Kenites, Kenizzites, Kadmonites, 15:20 Hittites, Perizzites, Rephaites, 15:21 Amorites, Canaanites, Girgashites, and Jebusites.” 6
1 tn The participle דָּן (dan, from דִּין, din) is used here for the future: “I am judging” = “I will surely judge.” The judgment in this case will be condemnation and punishment. The translation “execute judgment on” implies that the judgment will certainly be carried out.
2 tn Heb “cut a covenant.”
3 tn The perfect verbal form is understood as instantaneous (“I here and now give”). Another option is to understand it as rhetorical, indicating certitude (“I have given” meaning it is as good as done, i.e., “I will surely give”).
sn To your descendants I give this land. The
4 sn The river of Egypt is a wadi (a seasonal stream) on the northeastern border of Egypt, not to the River Nile.
5 tn The words “the land” are supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons.
6 tn Each of the names in the list has the Hebrew definite article, which is used here generically for the class of people identified.