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Genesis 14:22-24

Context
14:22 But Abram replied to the king of Sodom, “I raise my hand 1  to the Lord, the Most High God, Creator of heaven and earth, and vow 2  14:23 that I will take nothing 3  belonging to you, not even a thread or the strap of a sandal. That way you can never say, ‘It is I 4  who made Abram rich.’ 14:24 I will take nothing 5  except compensation for what the young men have eaten. 6  As for the share of the men who went with me – Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre – let them take their share.”

1 tn Abram takes an oath, raising his hand as a solemn gesture. The translation understands the perfect tense as having an instantaneous nuance: “Here and now I raise my hand.”

2 tn The words “and vow” are not in the Hebrew text, but are supplied in the translation for clarification.

3 tn The oath formula is elliptical, reading simply: “…if I take.” It is as if Abram says, “[May the Lord deal with me] if I take,” meaning, “I will surely not take.” The positive oath would add the negative adverb and be the reverse: “[God will deal with me] if I do not take,” meaning, “I certainly will.”

4 tn The Hebrew text adds the independent pronoun (“I”) to the verb form for emphasis.

5 tn The words “I will take nothing” have been supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons.

6 tn Heb “except only what the young men have eaten.”



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