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Genesis 10:5

Context
10:5 From these the coastlands of the nations were separated into their lands, every one according to its language, according to their families, by their nations.

Genesis 10:10

Context
10:10 The primary regions 1  of his kingdom were Babel, 2  Erech, 3  Akkad, 4  and Calneh 5  in the land of Shinar. 6 

Genesis 10:20

Context
10:20 These are the sons of Ham, according to their families, according to their languages, by their lands, and by their nations.

Genesis 10:31

Context
10:31 These are the sons of Shem according to their families, according to their languages, by their lands, and according to their nations.

1 tn Heb “beginning.” E. A. Speiser, Genesis (AB), 67, suggests “mainstays,” citing Jer 49:35 as another text where the Hebrew noun is so used.

2 tn Or “Babylon.”

3 sn Erech (ancient Uruk, modern Warka), one of the most ancient civilizations, was located southeast of Babylon.

4 sn Akkad, or ancient Agade, was associated with Sargon and located north of Babylon.

5 tn No such place is known in Shinar (i.e., Babylonia). Therefore some have translated the Hebrew term כַלְנֵה (khalneh) as “all of them,” referring to the three previous names (cf. NRSV).

6 sn Shinar is another name for Babylonia.



TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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