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Genesis 10:10

Context
10:10 The primary regions 1  of his kingdom were Babel, 2  Erech, 3  Akkad, 4  and Calneh 5  in the land of Shinar. 6 

1 tn Heb “beginning.” E. A. Speiser, Genesis (AB), 67, suggests “mainstays,” citing Jer 49:35 as another text where the Hebrew noun is so used.

2 tn Or “Babylon.”

3 sn Erech (ancient Uruk, modern Warka), one of the most ancient civilizations, was located southeast of Babylon.

4 sn Akkad, or ancient Agade, was associated with Sargon and located north of Babylon.

5 tn No such place is known in Shinar (i.e., Babylonia). Therefore some have translated the Hebrew term כַלְנֵה (khalneh) as “all of them,” referring to the three previous names (cf. NRSV).

6 sn Shinar is another name for Babylonia.



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