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Galatians 2:11-14

Context
Paul Rebukes Peter

2:11 But when Cephas 1  came to Antioch, 2  I opposed him to his face, because he had clearly done wrong. 3  2:12 Until 4  certain people came from James, he had been eating with the Gentiles. But when they arrived, he stopped doing this 5  and separated himself 6  because he was afraid of those who were pro-circumcision. 7  2:13 And the rest of the Jews also joined with him in this hypocrisy, so that even Barnabas was led astray with them 8  by their hypocrisy. 2:14 But when I saw that they were not behaving consistently with the truth of the gospel, I said to Cephas 9  in front of them all, “If you, although you are a Jew, live like a Gentile and not like a Jew, how can you try to force 10  the Gentiles to live like Jews?”

1 sn Cephas. This individual is generally identified with the Apostle Peter (L&N 93.211).

2 map For location see JP1 F2; JP2 F2; JP3 F2; JP4 F2.

3 tn Grk “because he stood condemned.”

4 tn The conjunction γάρ has not been translated here.

5 tn Grk “he drew back.” If ἑαυτόν (Jeauton) goes with both ὑπέστελλεν (Jupestellen) and ἀφώριζεν (afwrizen) rather than only the latter, the meaning would be “he drew himself back” (see BDAG 1041 s.v. ὑποστέλλω 1.a).

6 tn Or “and held himself aloof.”

7 tn Grk “the [ones] of the circumcision,” that is, the group of Jewish Christians who insisted on circumcision of Gentiles before they could become Christians.

8 tn The words “with them” are a reflection of the σύν- (sun-) prefix on the verb συναπήχθη (sunaphcqh; see L&N 31.76).

9 sn Cephas. This individual is generally identified with the Apostle Peter (L&N 93.211).

10 tn Here ἀναγκάζεις (anankazei") has been translated as a conative present (see ExSyn 534).



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