7:6 An end comes 1 – the end comes! 2 It has awakened against you 3 – the end is upon you! Look, it is coming! 4 7:7 Doom is coming upon you who live in the land! The time is coming, the day 5 is near. There are sounds of tumult, not shouts of joy, on the mountains. 6
7:12 The time has come; the day has struck! The customer should not rejoice, nor the seller mourn; for divine wrath 7 comes against their whole crowd.
1 tn Or “has come.”
2 tn Or “has come.”
3 tc With different vowels the verb rendered “it has awakened” would be the noun “the end,” as in “the end is upon you.” The verb would represent a phonetic wordplay. The noun by virtue of repetition would continue to reinforce the idea of the end. Whether verb or noun, this is the only instance to occur with this preposition.
4 tc For this entire verse, the LXX has only “the end is come.”
tn In each of the three cases of the verb translated with forms of “to come,” the form may either be a participle (“comes/is coming”) or a perfect (“has come”). Either form would indicate that the end is soon to arrive. This last form appears also to be feminine, although “end” is masculine. This shift may be looking ahead to the next verse, whose first noun (“Doom”) is feminine.
5 sn The day refers to the day of the Lord, a concept which, beginning in Amos 5:18-20, became a common theme in the OT prophetic books. It refers to a time when the Lord intervenes in human affairs as warrior and judge.
6 tc The LXX reads “neither tumult nor birth pains.” The LXX varies at many points from the MT in this chapter. The context suggests that one or both of these would be present on a day of judgment, thus favoring the MT. Perhaps more significant is the absence of “the mountains” in the LXX. If the ר (resh) in הָרִים (harim, “the mountains” not “on the mountains”) were a ד (dalet), which is a common letter confusion, then it could be from the same root as the previous word, הֵד (hed), meaning “the day is near – with destruction, not joyful shouting.”
7 tn Heb “wrath.” Context clarifies that God’s wrath is in view.