25:12 “This is what the sovereign Lord says: ‘Edom 1 has taken vengeance against the house of Judah; they have made themselves fully culpable 2 by taking vengeance 3 on them. 4 25:13 So this is what the sovereign Lord says: I will stretch out my hand against Edom, and I will kill the people and animals within her, 5 and I will make her desolate; from Teman to Dedan they will die 6 by the sword. 25:14 I will exact my vengeance upon Edom by the hand of my people Israel. They will carry out in Edom my anger and rage; they will experience 7 my vengeance, declares the sovereign Lord.’”
1 sn Edom was located south of Moab.
2 tn Heb “and they have become guilty, becoming guilty.” The infinitive absolute following the finite verb makes the statement emphatic and draws attention to the degree of guilt incurred by Edom due to its actions.
3 tn Heb “and they have taken vengeance.”
4 sn Edom apparently in some way assisted in the destruction of Jerusalem in 587/6
5 tn Heb “and I will cut off from her man and beast.”
6 tn Heb “fall.”
7 tn Heb “know.”