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Exodus 6:6-8

Context
6:6 Therefore, tell the Israelites, ‘I am the Lord. I will bring you out 1  from your enslavement to 2  the Egyptians, I will rescue you from the hard labor they impose, 3  and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments. 6:7 I will take you to myself for a people, and I will be your God. 4  Then you will know that I am the Lord your God, who brought you out from your enslavement to 5  the Egyptians. 6:8 I will bring you to the land I swore to give 6  to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob – and I will give it to you 7  as a possession. I am the Lord!’

1 sn The verb וְהוֹצֵאתִי (vÿhotseti) is a perfect tense with the vav (ו) consecutive, and so it receives a future translation – part of God’s promises. The word will be used later to begin the Decalogue and other covenant passages – “I am Yahweh who brought you out….”

2 tn Heb “from under the burdens of” (so KJV, NASB); NIV “from under the yoke of.”

3 tn Heb “from labor of them.” The antecedent of the pronoun is the Egyptians who have imposed slave labor on the Hebrews.

4 sn These covenant promises are being reiterated here because they are about to be fulfilled. They are addressed to the nation, not individuals, as the plural suffixes show. Yahweh was their God already, because they had been praying to him and he is acting on their behalf. When they enter into covenant with God at Sinai, then he will be the God of Israel in a new way (19:4-6; cf. Gen 17:7-8; 28:20-22; Lev 26:11-12; Jer 24:7; Ezek 11:17-20).

5 tn Heb “from under the burdens of” (so KJV, NASB); NIV “from under the yoke of.”

6 tn Heb “which I raised my hand to give it.” The relative clause specifies which land is their goal. The bold anthropomorphism mentions part of an oath-taking ceremony to refer to the whole event and reminds the reader that God swore that he would give the land to them. The reference to taking an oath would have made the promise of God sure in the mind of the Israelite.

7 sn Here is the twofold aspect again clearly depicted: God swore the promise to the patriarchs, but he is about to give what he promised to this generation. This generation will know more about him as a result.



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