4:3 The Lord 1 said, “Throw it to the ground.” So he threw it to the ground, and it became a snake, 2 and Moses ran from it. 4:4 But the Lord said to Moses, “Put out your hand and grab it by the tail” – so he put out his hand and caught it, and it became a staff in his hand 3 –
1 tn Heb “he”; the referent (the
2 sn The details of the verse are designed to show that there was a staff that became a snake. The question is used to affirm that there truly was a staff, and then the report of Moses running from it shows it was a genuine snake. Using the serpent as a sign would have had an impact on the religious ideas of Egypt, for the sacred cobra was one of their symbols.
3 sn The signs authenticated Moses’ ministry as the