40:1 1 Then the Lord spoke to Moses: 2 40:2 “On the first day of the first month you are to set up 3 the tabernacle, the tent of meeting. 40:3 You are to place the ark of the testimony in it and shield the ark with the special curtain. 40:4 You are to bring in the table and set out the things that belong on it; 4 then you are to bring in the lampstand and set up its lamps. 40:5 You are to put 5 the gold altar for incense in front of the ark of the testimony and put the curtain at the entrance to the tabernacle. 40:6 You are to put the altar for the burnt offering in front of the entrance to the tabernacle, the tent of meeting. 40:7 You are to put the large basin between the tent of meeting and the altar and put water in it. 6 40:8 You are to set up the courtyard around it and put the curtain at the gate of the courtyard. 40:9 And take 7 the anointing oil, and anoint 8 the tabernacle and all that is in it, and sanctify 9 it and all its furnishings, and it will be holy. 40:10 Then you are to anoint the altar for the burnt offering with 10 all its utensils; you are to sanctify the altar, and it will be the most holy altar. 40:11 You must also anoint the large basin and its pedestal, and you are to sanctify it. 11
40:12 “You are to bring 12 Aaron and his sons to the entrance of the tent of meeting and wash them with water. 40:13 Then you are to clothe Aaron with the holy garments and anoint him and sanctify him so that he may minister as my priest. 40:14 You are to bring 13 his sons and clothe them with tunics 40:15 and anoint them just as you anointed their father, so that they may minister as my priests; their anointing will make them a priesthood that will continue throughout their generations.” 40:16 This is what Moses did, according to all the Lord had commanded him – so he did.
40:17 So the tabernacle was set up on the first day of the first month, in the second year. 40:18 When Moses set up the tabernacle and put its bases in place, he set up its frames, attached its bars, and set up its posts. 40:19 Then he spread the tent over the tabernacle and put the covering of the tent over it, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 40:20 He took the testimony and put it in the ark, attached the poles to the ark, and then put the atonement lid on the ark. 40:21 And he brought the ark into the tabernacle, hung 14 the protecting curtain, 15 and shielded the ark of the testimony from view, just as the Lord had commanded Moses.
40:22 And he put the table in the tent of meeting, on the north side of the tabernacle, outside the curtain. 40:23 And he set the bread in order on it 16 before the Lord, just as the Lord had commanded Moses.
40:28 Then he put the curtain at the entrance to the tabernacle. 40:29 He also put the altar for the burnt offering by the entrance to the tabernacle, the tent of meeting, and offered on it the burnt offering and the meal offering, just as the Lord had commanded Moses.
40:30 Then he put the large basin between the tent of meeting and the altar and put water in it 17 for washing. 40:31 Moses and Aaron and his sons would wash their hands and their feet from it. 40:32 Whenever they entered 18 the tent of meeting, and whenever they approached 19 the altar, they would wash, 20 just as the Lord had commanded Moses.
40:33 And he set up the courtyard around the tabernacle and the altar, and put the curtain at the gate of the courtyard. So Moses finished the work.
40:34 Then the cloud covered the tent of meeting, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle. 40:35 Moses was not able to enter the tent of meeting because the cloud settled on it and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle. 40:36 But when the cloud was lifted up 21 from the tabernacle, the Israelites would set out 22 on all their journeys; 40:37 but if the cloud was not lifted up, then they would not journey further until the day it was lifted up. 23 40:38 For the cloud of the Lord was on the tabernacle by day, but fire would be 24 on it at night, in plain view 25 of all the house of Israel, throughout all their journeys.
1 sn All of Exod 39:32-40:38 could be taken as a unit. The first section (39:32-43) shows that the Israelites had carefully and accurately completed the preparation and brought everything they had made to Moses: The work of the
2 tn Heb “and Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying.”
3 tn Heb “you will raise,” an imperfect of instruction.
6 tn Heb “there.”
7 tn Heb “you will take” (perfect with vav, ו).
8 tn Heb “and you will anoint” (perfect with vav, ו).
9 tn Heb “and you will sanctify” (perfect with vav, ו).
10 tn Heb “and.”
11 sn U. Cassuto (Exodus, 480) notes that the items inside the tent did not need to be enumerated since they were already holy, but items in the courtyard needed special attention. People needed to know that items outside the tent were just as holy.
12 tn The verb is “bring near,” or “present,” to Yahweh.
13 tn The verb is also “bring near” or “present.”
14 tn Heb “set up,” if it includes more than the curtain.
15 tn Or “shielding” (NIV); Heb “the veil of the covering” (cf. KJV).
16 tn Heb uses a cognate accusative construction, “he arranged the arrangement.”
17 tn Heb “there.”
18 tn The construction is the infinitive construct with the temporal preposition and the suffixed subjective genitive. This temporal clause indicates that the verb in the preceding verse was frequentative.
19 tn This is another infinitive construct in a temporal clause.
20 tn In this explanatory verse the verb is a customary imperfect.
21 tn The construction uses the Niphal infinitive construct to form the temporal clause.
22 tn The imperfect tense in this context describes a customary action.
23 tn The clause uses the Niphal infinitive construct in the temporal clause: “until the day of its being taken up.”
24 tn Here is another imperfect tense of the customary nuance.
25 tn Heb “to the eyes of all”; KJV, ASV, NASB “in the sight of all”; NRSV “before the eyes of all.”