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Exodus 3:3-4

Context
3:3 So Moses thought, 1  “I will turn aside to see 2  this amazing 3  sight. Why does the bush not burn up?” 4  3:4 When the Lord 5  saw that 6  he had turned aside to look, God called to him from within the bush and said, “Moses, Moses!” 7  And Moses 8  said, “Here I am.”

1 tn Heb “And Moses said.” The implication is that Moses said this to himself.

2 tn The construction uses the cohortative אָסֻרָה־נָּא (’asura-nna’) followed by an imperfect with vav (וְאֶרְאֶה, vÿereh) to express the purpose or result (logical sequence): “I will turn aside in order that I may see.”

3 tn Heb “great.” The word means something extraordinary here. In using this term Moses revealed his reaction to the strange sight and his anticipation that something special was about to happen. So he turned away from the flock to investigate.

4 tn The verb is an imperfect. Here it has the progressive nuance – the bush is not burning up.

5 tn The preterite with the vav (ו) is subordinated as a temporal clause to the main point of the verse, that God called to him. The language is anthropomorphic, as if God’s actions were based on his observing what Moses did.

6 tn The particle כִּי (ki, “that”) introduces the noun clause that functions as the direct object of the verb “saw” (R. J. Williams, Hebrew Syntax, 81, §490).

7 sn The repetition of the name in God’s call is emphatic, making the appeal direct and immediate (see also Gen 22:11; 46:2). The use of the personal name shows how specifically God directed the call and that he knew this person. The repetition may have stressed even more that it was indeed he whom the Lord wanted. It would have been an encouragement to Moses that this was in fact the Lord who was meeting him.

8 tn Heb “And he said”; the referent (Moses) has been specified in the translation for clarity.



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