33:2 I will send an angel 1 before you, and I will drive out the Canaanite, the Amorite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite. 2
1 sn This seems not to be the same as the Angel of the Presence introduced before.
2 sn See T. Ishida, “The Structure and Historical Implications of Lists of Pre-Israelite Nations,” Bib (1979): 461-90.
3 tn Heb “and he said”; the referent (the
4 sn Heb “my face.” This represents the presence of Yahweh going with the people (see 2 Sam 17:11 for an illustration). The “presence” probably refers to the angel of the presence or some similar manifestation of God’s leading and caring for his people.
5 tn The phrase “with you” is not in the Hebrew text, but is implied.
6 sn The expression certainly refers to the peace of mind and security of knowing that God was with them. But the expression came to mean “settle them in the land of promise” and give them rest and peace from their enemies. U. Cassuto (Exodus, 434) observes how in 32:10 God had told Moses, “Leave me alone” (“give me rest”), but now he promises to give them rest. The parallelism underscores the great transition through intercession.
7 tn Heb “and he said”; the referent (
8 tn The construction uses the active participle to stress the continual going of the presence: if there is not your face going.
9 tn “with us” has been supplied.
10 tn Heb “from this.”