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Exodus 30:34

Context

30:34 The Lord said to Moses: “Take 1  spices, gum resin, 2  onycha, 3  galbanum, 4  and pure frankincense 5  of equal amounts 6 

1 tn The construction is “take to you,” which could be left in that literal sense, but more likely the suffix is an ethical dative, stressing the subject of the imperative.

2 sn This is from a word that means “to drip”; the spice is a balsam that drips from a resinous tree.

3 sn This may be a plant, or it may be from a species of mollusks; it is mentioned in Ugaritic and Akkadian; it gives a pungent odor when burnt.

4 sn This is a gum from plants of the genus Ferula; it has an unpleasant odor, but when mixed with others is pleasant.

5 tn The word “spice is repeated here, suggesting that the first three formed half of the ingredient and this spice the other half – but this is conjecture (U. Cassuto, Exodus, 400).

6 tn Heb “of each part there will be an equal part.”



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