22:25 “If you lend money to any of 1 my people who are needy among you, do not be like a moneylender 2 to him; do not charge 3 him interest. 4 22:26 If you do take 5 the garment of your neighbor in pledge, you must return it to him by the time the sun goes down, 6
1 tn “any of” has been supplied.
3 tn Heb “set.”
4 sn In ancient times money was lent primarily for poverty and not for commercial ventures (H. Gamoran, “The Biblical Law against Loans on Interest,” JNES 30 : 127-34). The lending to the poor was essentially a charity, and so not to be an opportunity to make money from another person’s misfortune. The word נֶשֶׁךְ (neshekh) may be derived from a verb that means “to bite,” and so the idea of usury or interest was that of putting out one’s money with a bite in it (See S. Stein, “The Laws on Interest in the Old Testament,” JTS 4 : 161-70; and E. Neufeld, “The Prohibition against Loans at Interest in the Old Testament,” HUCA 26 : 355-412).
5 tn The construction again uses the infinitive absolute with the verb in the conditional clause to stress the condition.
6 tn The clause uses the preposition, the infinitive construct, and the noun that is the subjective genitive – “at the going in of the sun.”