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Exodus 21:10

21:10 If he takes another wife, 1  he must not diminish the first one’s food, 2  her clothing, or her marital rights. 3 

Exodus 34:2

34:2 Be prepared 4  in the morning, and go up in the morning to Mount Sinai, and station yourself 5  for me there on the top of the mountain.

Exodus 37:8

37:8 one cherub on one end 6  and one cherub on the other end. 7  He made the cherubim from the atonement lid on its two ends.

Exodus 32:28


32:28 The Levites did what Moses ordered, 8  and that day about three thousand men of the people died. 9 

1 tn “wife” has been supplied.

2 tn The translation of “food” does not quite do justice to the Hebrew word. It is “flesh.” The issue here is that the family she was to marry into is wealthy, they ate meat. She was not just to be given the basic food the ordinary people ate, but the fine foods that this family ate.

3 sn See S. Paul, “Exodus 21:10, A Threefold Maintenance Clause,” JNES 28 (1969): 48-53. Paul suggests that the third element listed is not marital rights but ointments since Sumerian and Akkadian texts list food, clothing, and oil as the necessities of life. The translation of “marital rights” is far from certain, since the word occurs only here. The point is that the woman was to be cared for with all that was required for a woman in that situation.

4 tn The form is a Niphal participle that means “be prepared, be ready.” This probably means that Moses was to do in preparation what the congregation had to do back in Exod 19:11-15.

5 sn The same word is used in Exod 33:21. It is as if Moses was to be at his post when Yahweh wanted to communicate to him.

6 tn Heb “from/at [the] end, from this.”

7 tn The repetition of the expression indicates it has the distributive sense.

8 tn Heb “did according to the word of Moses.”

9 tn Heb “fell.”

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