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Exodus 16:8-9

Context

16:8 Moses said, “You will know this 1  when the Lord gives you 2  meat to eat in the evening and bread in the morning to satisfy you, because the Lord has heard your murmurings that you are murmuring against him. As for us, what are we? 3  Your murmurings are not against us, 4  but against the Lord.”

16:9 Then Moses said to Aaron, “Tell the whole community 5  of the Israelites, ‘Come 6  before the Lord, because he has heard your murmurings.’”

1 tn “You will know this” has been added to make the line smooth. Because of the abruptness of the lines in the verse, and the repetition with v. 7, B. S. Childs (Exodus [OTL], 273) thinks that v. 8 is merely a repetition by scribal error – even though the versions render it as the MT has it. But B. Jacob (Exodus, 447) suggests that the contrast with vv. 6 and 7 is important for another reason – there Moses and Aaron speak, and it is smooth and effective, but here only Moses speaks, and it is labored and clumsy. “We should realize that Moses had properly claimed to be no public speaker.”

2 tn Here again is an infinitive construct with the preposition forming a temporal clause.

3 tn The words “as for us” attempt to convey the force of the Hebrew word order, which puts emphasis on the pronoun: “and we – what?” The implied answer to the question is that Moses and Aaron are nothing, merely the messengers.

4 tn The word order is “not against us [are] your murmurings.”

5 tn Or “congregation” (KJV, ASV, NASB, NRSV); the same word occurs in v. 10.

6 tn The verb means “approach, draw near.” It is used in the Torah of drawing near for religious purposes. It is possible that some sacrifice was involved here, but no mention is made of that.



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