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Exodus 15:15-16

Context

15:15 Then the chiefs of Edom will be terrified, 1 

trembling will seize 2  the leaders of Moab,

and the inhabitants of Canaan will shake.

15:16 Fear and dread 3  will fall 4  on them;

by the greatness 5  of your arm they will be as still as stone 6 

until 7  your people pass by, O Lord,

until the people whom you have bought 8  pass by.

1 tn This is a prophetic perfect.

2 tn This verb is imperfect tense.

3 tn The two words can form a nominal hendiadys, “a dreadful fear,” though most English versions retain the two separate terms.

4 tn The form is an imperfect.

5 tn The adjective is in construct form and governs the noun “arm” (“arm” being the anthropomorphic expression for what God did). See GKC 428 §132.c.

6 sn For a study of the words for fear, see N. Waldman, “A Comparative Note on Exodus 15:14-16,” JQR 66 (1976): 189-92.

7 tn Clauses beginning with עַד (’ad) express a limit that is not absolute, but only relative, beyond which the action continues (GKC 446-47 §138.g).

8 tn The verb קָנָה (qanah) here is the verb “acquire, purchase,” and probably not the homonym “to create, make” (see Gen 4:1; Deut 32:6; and Prov 8:22).



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