14:17 And as for me, I am going to harden 1 the hearts of the Egyptians so that 2 they will come after them, that I may be honored 3 because 4 of Pharaoh and his army and his chariots and his horsemen. 14:18 And the Egyptians will know 5 that I am the Lord when I have gained my honor 6 because of Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen.”
14:27 So Moses extended his hand toward the sea, and the sea returned to its normal state 7 when the sun began to rise. 8 Now the Egyptians were fleeing 9 before it, but the Lord overthrew 10 the Egyptians in the middle of the sea.
1 tn הִנְנִי (hinni) before the participle gives it the force of a futur instans participle, meaning “I am about to harden” or “I am going to harden” their heart.
2 tn The form again is the imperfect tense with vav (ו) to express the purpose or the result of the hardening. The repetition of the verb translated “come” is interesting: Moses is to divide the sea in order that the people may cross, but God will harden the Egyptians’ hearts in order that they may follow.
4 tn Or “I will get glory over.”
5 tn The construction is unusual in that it says, “And Egypt will know.” The verb is plural, and so “Egypt” must mean “the Egyptians.” The verb is the perfect tense with the vav consecutive, showing that this recognition or acknowledgment by Egypt will be the result or purpose of the defeat of them by God.
6 tn The form is בְּהִכָּבְדִי (bÿhikkavÿdi), the Niphal infinitive construct with a preposition and a suffix. For the suffix on a Niphal, see GKC 162-63 §61.c. The word forms a temporal clause in the line.
7 tn The Hebrew term לְאֵיתָנוֹ (lÿ’etano) means “to its place,” or better, “to its perennial state.” The point is that the sea here had a normal level, and now when the Egyptians were in the sea on the dry ground the water would return to that level.
8 tn Heb “at the turning of the morning”; NASB, NIV, TEV, CEV “at daybreak.”
9 tn The clause begins with the disjunctive vav (ו) on the noun, signaling either a circumstantial clause or a new beginning. It could be rendered, “Although the Egyptians…Yahweh…” or “as the Egyptians….”