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Exodus 12:24-27

Context
12:24 You must observe this event as an ordinance for you and for your children forever. 12:25 When you enter the land that the Lord will give to you, just as he said, you must observe 1  this ceremony. 12:26 When your children ask you, ‘What does this ceremony mean to you?’ 2 12:27 then you will say, ‘It is the sacrifice 3  of the Lord’s Passover, when he passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt, when he struck 4  Egypt and delivered our households.’” The people bowed down low 5  to the ground,

1 tn The verb used here and at the beginning of v. 24 is שָׁמַר (shamar); it can be translated “watch, keep, protect,” but in this context the point is to “observe” the religious customs and practices set forth in these instructions.

2 tn Heb “what is this service to you?”

3 sn This expression “the sacrifice of Yahweh’s Passover” occurs only here. The word זֶבַח (zevakh) means “slaughtering” and so a blood sacrifice. The fact that this word is used in Lev 3 for the peace offering has linked the Passover as a kind of peace offering, and both the Passover and the peace offerings were eaten as communal meals.

4 tn The verb means “to strike, smite, plague”; it is the same verb that has been used throughout this section (נָגַף, nagaf). Here the construction is the infinitive construct in a temporal clause.

5 tn The two verbs form a verbal hendiadys: “and the people bowed down and they worshiped.” The words are synonymous, and so one is taken as the adverb for the other.



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