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Exodus 10:1

Context
The Eighth Blow: Locusts

10:1 1 The Lord said 2  to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart and the heart of his servants, in order to display 3  these signs of mine before him, 4 

Exodus 10:20

Context
10:20 But the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not release the Israelites.

1 sn The Egyptians dreaded locusts like every other ancient civilization. They had particular gods to whom they looked for help in such catastrophes. The locust-scaring deities of Greece and Asia were probably looked to in Egypt as well (especially in view of the origins in Egypt of so many of those religious ideas). The announcement of the plague falls into the now-familiar pattern. God tells Moses to go and speak to Pharaoh but reminds Moses that he has hardened his heart. Yahweh explains that he has done this so that he might show his power, so that in turn they might declare his name from generation to generation. This point is stressed so often that it must not be minimized. God was laying the foundation of the faith for Israel – the sovereignty of Yahweh.

2 tn Heb “and Yahweh said.”

3 tn The verb is שִׁתִי (shiti, “I have put”); it is used here as a synonym for the verb שִׂים (sim). Yahweh placed the signs in his midst, where they will be obvious.

4 tn Heb “in his midst.”



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