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Ecclesiastes 2:9

Context

2:9 So 1  I was far wealthier 2  than all my predecessors in Jerusalem,

yet I maintained my objectivity: 3 

1 tn The vav prefixed to וְגָדַלְתִּי (vÿgadalti, vav + Qal perfect first common singular from גָּדַל, gadal, “to be great; to increase”) functions in a final summarizing sense, that is, it introduces the concluding summary of 2:4-9.

2 tn Heb “I became great and I surpassed” (וְהוֹסַפְתִּי וְגָדַלְתִּי, vÿgadalti vÿhosafti). This is a verbal hendiadys in which the second verb functions adverbially, modifying the first: “I became far greater.” Most translations miss the hendiadys and render the line in a woodenly literal sense (KJV, ASV, RSV, NEB, NRSV, NAB, NASB, MLB, Moffatt), while only a few recognize the presence of hendiadys here: “I became greater by far” (NIV) and “I gained more” (NJPS).

3 tn Heb “yet my wisdom stood for me,” meaning he retained his wise perspective despite his great wealth.



TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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