9:10 The Lord gave me the two stone tablets, written by the very finger 1 of God, and on them was everything 2 he 3 said to you at the mountain from the midst of the fire at the time of that assembly.
10:4 The Lord 4 then wrote on the tablets the same words, 5 the ten commandments, 6 which he 7 had spoken to you at the mountain from the middle of the fire at the time of that assembly, and he 8 gave them to me.
18:16 This accords with what happened at Horeb in the day of the assembly. You asked the Lord your God: “Please do not make us hear the voice of the Lord our 9 God any more or see this great fire any more lest we die.”
1 sn The very finger of God. This is a double figure of speech (1) in which God is ascribed human features (anthropomorphism) and (2) in which a part stands for the whole (synecdoche). That is, God, as Spirit, has no literal finger nor, if he had, would he write with his finger. Rather, the sense is that God himself – not Moses in any way – was responsible for the composition of the Ten Commandments (cf. Exod 31:18; 32:16; 34:1).
2 tn Heb “according to all the words.”
4 tn Heb “he”; the referent (the
6 tn Heb “ten words.” The “Ten Commandments” are known in Hebrew as the “Ten Words,” which in Greek became the “Decalogue.”
7 tn Heb “the
8 tn Heb “the
9 tn The Hebrew text uses the collective singular in this verse: “my God…lest I die.”