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Deuteronomy 5:21

Context
5:21 You must not desire 1  another man’s 2  wife, nor should you crave his 3  house, his field, his male and female servants, his ox, his donkey, or anything else he owns.” 4 

Deuteronomy 7:25

Context
7:25 You must burn the images of their gods, but do not covet the silver and gold that covers them so much that you take it for yourself and thus become ensnared by it; for it is abhorrent 5  to the Lord your God.

1 tn The Hebrew verb used here (חָמַד, khamad) is different from the one translated “crave” (אָוַה, ’avah) in the next line. The former has sexual overtones (“lust” or the like; cf. Song of Sol 2:3) whereas the latter has more the idea of a desire or craving for material things.

2 tn Heb “your neighbor’s.” See note on the term “fellow man” in v. 19.

3 tn Heb “your neighbor’s.” The pronoun is used in the translation for stylistic reasons.

4 tn Heb “or anything that is your neighbor’s.”

5 tn The Hebrew word תּוֹעֵבָה (toevah, “abhorrent; detestable”) describes anything detestable to the Lord because of its innate evil or inconsistency with his own nature and character. Frequently such things (or even persons) must be condemned to annihilation (חֵרֶם, kherem) lest they become a means of polluting or contaminating others (cf. Deut 13:17; 20:17-18). See M. Grisanti, NIDOTTE 4:315.



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